The expression periodontitis stands for the inflammatory disease of the periodontium with the depletion of the periodontal apparatus. In general, everyday speech people use the word "paradontosis" which, however, stands for the not inflamed form of this disease. Paradontosis is not a disease of the teeth. They are often even healthy. Yet they are endangered as it may result in loosening and finally losing the teeth. Statistics show that diseases of the periodontal apparatus are more often the cause of losing the teeth than caries.
How does periodontitis develop?
The reason for inflammatory diseases of the gingiva and periodontal apparatus is stain, also called as plaque and the bacteria living in them. Gifts produced during the metabolism of bacteria wander into gingiva and cause inflammation. With time the defensive tissue of the teeth gets loose. A gingiva sac develops. Plaque can spread under the surface of the gingiva unimpeded as the tooth brush cannot reach it. Alteration in the composition of bacteria strengthens the inflammation. If this spreads further on the jaws, this may result in teeth getting loose.
How can you detect gingivitis or periodontitis?
Healthy gingiva has a pale rose colour, fills the interdental space fully and does not bleed when touching it. Diseased gingiva is flushed, bleeds easily, and is often swollen at the tooth neck. This pre-stage of periodontitis is called gingivitis. When spreading further and inflammation gingiva goes between interdental space back. It is flushed and partly distinctly swollen. When loosing bone substance through periodontitis teeth are already loose.
Prevention through exact clearing
For the healthy periodontium applies the following: next to brushing the teeth shortly after each meal consumed, a longer, more careful clearing is also needed every day, however, cleaning interdental space is also inevitable so that the development of bacterial plaque can be avoided. In case of a diseased gingiva more careful nurture is required as clean teeth will not get ill. Tooth brush and paste give the basis of cleaning the chewing surface and the sides of the teeth. For space not easy or impossible to reach with the help of the brush use additional equipment depending on the position and size of the teeth: dental floss makes careful and accurate cleaning and removal of the bacterial plaque possible. Interdental brushes can help cleaning especially big distances between teeth and prosthetic care. With dental single brushes narrow gaps between teeth, bridges, prosthesis or individual teeth surface can be cleaned gently and thoroughly. Dental wood hygiene sticks can help you remove rests of food and plaque cluster. Medical mouthwash solutions reduce the activity of forgot-about plaque between teeth.
What can the dentist do against it?
Only after a consequent analysis as well as an individually aligned treatment and care plan can the dentist stall on hand inflammation and stop the reduction of the protective tissue. To achieve that, the bacterial plaque on the surface of the teeth and the root as well as gingiva sacs need to be removed. Depending on the severity of the inflammation decides the dentist about multistage treatment plan. For long-term success your collaboration, careful plaque removal from the teeth and interdental teeth are of great importance.
Your dentist helps
Modern-day dental medicine has far more services on different quality levels ready for you. For prophylaxis have dentists developed really effective treatment concepts. Also in periodontal-therapy there are partly elaborative methods. You can contribute more for keeping your teeth healthy which will help you enjoy beautiful teeth for your whole life. Ask your dentist what they could do for you.
Should you have any further questions, we are at your disposal. We look forward to your hearing your appointment request, so we can convince you of the high quality our services and win your confidence. We remain in deep respect and hope to see you soon personally.
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